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''Spelling:'' Tiananmen. (Tian == Heaven, An == Peace, Men == Gate).\ - Stephen, yes I've misspelled it too.
:In the end, martial law was declared. This by itself was not sufficient. The demonstrations continued with popular support. After several weeks a decision was made to forcibly clear the Square of protesters. Entry of troops into the city was actively opposed by the citizens of Beijing; there were battles and a few military casualties. Extensive roadblocks were constructed by the citizens of Beijing and progress was slow, but the Square was cleared of demonstrators during the night of June 4. The battle continued on the streets surrounding the Square, with protesters repeatedly advancing toward the heavily armed troops of the People's Liberation Army, who responded with automatic weapons fire. The suppression of the demonstrations was highly unpopular within the PLA, and in its aftermath there were several hundred court-martials of officers who refused orders to move against the students.
=== For those of you who can access JSTOR (this should include anyone on a University of Nebraska campus) ===
I don't know if any of this stuff is good; I just clicked on a few articles out of 200+. It probably contains some decent historical background, but I am guessing that the E2 nodes and suchlike are more useful in a raw understanding kind of way.
The Democratic Movement in China in 1989: Dynamics and Failure - Tianjian Shi\ Asian Survey, Vol. 30, No. 12. (Dec., 1990), pp. 1186-1205.\
The Rise and Fall of the Beijing People's Movement - Tony Saich\ The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs, No. 24. (Jul., 1990), pp. 181-208.
`Tell the World About Us': The Student Movement in Shenyang, 1989 - Anne Gunn\ The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs, No. 24. (Jul., 1990), pp. 243-258.
The People's Daily: Politics and Popular Will-Journalistic Defiance in China During the Spring of 1989 - Frank Tan\ Pacific Affairs, Vol. 63, No. 2. (Summer, 1990), pp. 151-169.
:It is commonly assumed that a communist party newspaper, especially in China, automatically does anything the party leadership demands. People also tend to think that a party newspaper is a unified machine presenting a single voice with everyone who works for the paper contributing to that voice. This study explores how editors and reporters at the pinnacle of China's official news apparatus, the People's Daily, defied government controls to express prodemocracy sentiments and promote the cause of student demostrators in the spring of 1989.
There is more to this story than the Beijing democratic students would have people believe. I don't have my notes handy, but I'll post what I have soon.\ - Stephen
So the E2 writeups and some other stuff I have read suggest; my ignorance of the subject (and most of Chinese history) runs pretty deep at this point. I look forward to more info.\ - Brennen
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